Attentional Bias. Journal of Research in Personality, 38, 15-23. References. A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment. Results indicated attentional control was inversely related to attentional bias. An individual's construction of reality, not the objective input, may dictate their behavior in the world. Cognitive bias modification (CBM) refers to procedures used in psychology that aim to directly change biases in cognitive processes, such as biased attention toward threat (vs. benign) stimuli and biased interpretation of ambiguous stimuli as threatening. Attentional bias refers to how a person's perception is affected by selective factors in their attention. Furthermore, tendencies toward IPD were measured using the short-Internetsex Addiction Test. Participants were selected after being measured on scales for PTSD, anxiety proneness, attentional control, and attentional bias. In addition, participants had to indicate their sexual arousal induced by pornographic pictures. Attentional bias causes a person to process emotionally negative information preferentially over emotionally positive information. For instance, patients with anxiety disorders show increased attention to threatening faces in studies using the dot-probe paradigm. Bradley, B.P. Attentional biases also can influence what people are more likely to look at. Baron, Jonathan. Attentional biases may explain an individual's failure to consider alternative possibilities when occupied with an existing train of thought. Attentional retraining as cognitive bias modification is predicated on the observed attentional bias evident in psychopathology. Attentional bias for valenced stimuli as a function of personality in the dot-probe task. Individuals create their own "subjective reality" from their perception of the input. (1998). Attentional bias refers to how a person's perception is affected by selective factors in their attention. The attentional bias is a tendency of our perception to be affected by our recurring thoughts, and there is no better way to visualize it than the example of the yellow car game. From an estimation perspective, the impact of the Attentional Bias is that we are predisposed to identifying problems and risks that we think about regularly, while ignoring other potential issues. Attentional Bias In simple terms, if you think about shoes and pay attention to shoes, you are going to notice more people’s shoes out in the world. [1] Attentional biases may explain an individual's failure to consider alternative possibilities when occupied with an existing train of thought. The most common task used to retrain attention in psychopathologies is the dot-probe task developed originally by Macleod et al. Another paradigm to measure attentional biases is the stroop paradigm. (2000). 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